National Parks in Oman

From Mountains to Coastline: Exploring National Parks in Oman

While Oman’s cities and towns provide a wealth of cultural experiences and historical landmarks, the country’s main attractions and the places that truly astound visitors are found outside of the city limits. Apart from its history, vibrant cities, beaches, and deserts, one of the best and most astonishing tourist attractions in Oman are its national parks and natural reserves that preserve the green lush forest along with the wildlife of Oman and balance the charm of the Middle Eastern nation. The scenery in Oman is breathtaking.

Jagged limestone mountains are pierced through with lush wadis (valleys), and turquoise waters are embraced by white sand beaches. Diverse species can be found there, including horned Arabian oryx, rays, and dolphins swimming in emerald waters, and endangered Arabian leopards hiding out on rough mountain slopes.

Oman has achieved considerable advancements in environmental preservation over the past few decades, designating many of these locations as protected nature reserves. Through breeding, conservation, and sustainable tourism initiatives, species that were previously extinct in the wild have been brought back. Oman has so many things to offer and its Natural reserves are very less explored. Your Oman tour packages must include the guided safari of these National Parks in Oman. With these safaris, you’ll explore the unexplored regions of Oman and get to know more about the country.

The Sultanate has adopted a number of measures to guarantee that its natural resources are maintained and people are actively involved in conserving Oman’s exceptional natural assets, which stem from the late His Majesty Sultan Qaboos’ commitment to environmental protection. In fact, there have been efforts to safeguard the environment and raise awareness of its fragility for almost 40 years. Oman’s numerous nature reserves serve as illustrations of the nation’s rich biodiversity. Your Oman tours should not be concluded without visiting Tourist attractions in Oman.

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Oryx Sanctuary, Al Wusta Arabia

Oryx Sanctuary, Al Wusta Arabia

One of the best places to visit in Oman and enjoy the serene wildlife, the Arabian Oryx’s tale is one of incredible survival. This rare antelope has been pulled back from the edge of extinction in a reserve that has been closed to the public for many years. The Arabian Oryx Sanctuary at Al Wusta, which was created by royal decree, is currently the only place where these graceful creatures can be found. Because of their unusually formed horns, some people also refer to them as Arabian unicorns.

The last wild individual of the species, which was heavily hunted, was murdered in Oman in 1972 by alleged poachers. Only a particular program of breeding in captivity allowed the species to survive, and in the early 1980s, a group of 10 was released into the Al Wusta Sanctuary for the Arabian Oryx.

Thankfully, since then, their population has increased from just 100 to approximately 650, up from roughly 200 years ago. The sanctuary sustains a distinctive desert ecology with a varied flora that includes a number of indigenous plants. Other animals found here, besides the Oryx, include the Nubian Ibex, Arabian Wolves, Honey Badgers, Caracals, and Arabian Gazelle.

The endangered Houbara Bustard exclusively breeds wild in Arabia at the Al Wusta Arabian Oryx Sanctuary. The best piece of advice for visiting the Al Wusta Wildlife Reserve is that you’ll need a four-wheel drive and a permit from the Office for Conservation of the Environment in Muscat. Only with a guide, which is available at the reserve, is it possible to enter the reserve to witness the animals in the wild. 

Turtle Reserve, Ras Al Hadd

Turtle Reserve, Ras Al Hadd

Knowing about the world’s longest-living amphibious animal, a turtle must be one of the best things to do in Oman. Four out of seven sea turtle species found in the world, the Loggerhead, Greenback, Hawksbill, and Olive Ridley Turtles live in the waters of  Oman. Although Oman’s coastline is home to some 275 turtle-nesting beaches, the majority of them have been closed to the public in order to safeguard the turtles’ habitat.

Ras Al Hadd is one of the authorized locations to witness these incredible creatures laying their eggs. Originally a little fishing community, it is now a protected area where observant rangers lead groups of visitors to the beaches at night to see the incredible sight.

Oman is one of the few places where the bred Green Turtles still nest, and it also has the biggest number of Loggerhead Turtles in the world. The best advice for traveling to Ras Al Jinz Turtle Reserve is Due to the restricted capacity of the guided excursions to Ras Al Jinz, reservations must be made in advance by phone or online. Weekends will likely be crowded for tours. Photography with a flash is prohibited to preserve the turtles. 

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Nature Reserve, Al Dimaniyat Island

Nature Reserve, Al Dimaniyat Island

The utterly stunning Dimaniyat Islands are located in the Wilayat of Seeb, Muscat Governorate, and the Wilayat of Barka in the Al Batinah South Governorate. The Dimaniyat Islands have been designated as a UNESCO-protected site.

They are made up of nine low, rocky tiny islets that are spread out in a line from east to west and clustered together in rather widely apart groupings. The islands are regarded as an important biological area and have been the focus of national and regional conservation efforts for a number of years.

This is due to the quantity of marine life and the yearly visitation of migrating birds. The Islands are the only known Osprey nesting location in the area and have the largest population of seabirds that nest there. Additionally, they are home to the majority of the nation’s nesting Hawksbill Turtles. The Dimaniyat Islands Nature Reserve is home to various varieties of coral reefs, some of which are incredibly rare and fragile.

It also boasts stunning white sands and crystal-clear azure waters. The best advice for visiting the Daymaniyat Islands is to use local tour companies like Extra Divers Qantab and MolaMola Diving Center, who offer escorted snorkeling and diving excursions and can also arrange the permit required to reach the islands. Go on safari activities in Oman inside the Nature reserve and enjoy the serene beauty of Oman’s nature reserve. 

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Lagoons, Dhofar Khawr

Lagoons, Dhofar Khawr

In addition to the 100 additional migratory species that use the Sultanate as a stopping place on their way to nesting grounds, Oman is home to more than 480 different kinds of birds. The Khawrs or lagoons of Dhofar are one particularly well-liked location for migratory birds. With frequent sightings of winged beauties from African, Oriental, and Palaearctic species in addition to vast numbers of seabirds, Dhofar is a genuine paradise for birdwatchers.

A trip to the Dhofar Lagoons is made even more special by the Khawrs, which are a haven for numerous types of wildlife, fish, and plants along Oman’s coast. The Dhofar Khawars have been designated a protected reserve area by the government, which recognizes their significance. The largest and most well-known of the eight lagoons in Dhofar is Khawr Ruri.

The lagoon has the Khawr Ruri port, which was formerly known as the busy port of Samharam and is strategically located close to the sea. As the primary port for the shipment of frankincense from Dhofar, the harbor appears frequently in Greek, Hellenic, and Arabic historical scrolls. There are prehistoric ruins nearby that date back to ancient times.

Khawr Ruri has been accorded special status and has been added to the World Heritage List due to its exceptional position as both an ecological hotspot and a location of historical significance. The best advice for exploring the Dhofar lagoons is to stop by the neighboring Museum of the Frankincense Land, where artifacts and old records describe the history of the local settlers and Frankincense trade.  

Al Jaber Al Akhdar

Al Jaber Al Akhdar

One of Oman’s most celebrated geological features is the Al Jabal Al Akhdhar range, which consists of a vast plateau at an elevation of about 2,000 meters that is bordered by the rough peaks of the Al Hajar mountains in the north and the narrow canyon of Wadi al Ayn in the south. Including birds, the rocky mountains are home to about 437 animal species and almost a fourth of Oman’s plant life. Jabal Shams, often known as the Mountain of the Sun, is a well-known portion of the Al Jabal Al Akhdhar mountain range.

Al Jabal Al Akhdhar, which means “Green Mountain” in Arabic, has been cultivated for at least a thousand years and enjoys a climate that is virtually Mediterranean. Al Jabal Al Akhdhar was declared a nature reserve in 2011 by His Majesty Sultan Qaboos in an effort to protect its rare yet vulnerable biodiversity.

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Jabal Samhan

Jabal Samhan (1)

One of the major mountain ranges in the southern part of Oman’s Dhofar Governorate is called Jabal Samhan. The elusive Arabian leopard lives on the undeveloped flat summit of Jabal Samhan, which is covered in limestone sinkholes and caves. It is closely watched and maintained within the natural reserve where there are only a handful of them left in the wild. The Arabian Gazelle, Fox, Indian Crested Porcupine, Cape Hare, Rock Hyrax, Nubian Goat, Desert Hedgehog, Arabian Wolf, and several bird species are among the numerous animal species that call the reserve home. Visitors are not permitted within the sanctuary, but they are able to drive to the panoramic viewpoint at the reserve’s edge.

This thrilling location is one of the best tourist attractions in Oman. The greatest cluster of frankincense trees in the region may be found in the Jabal Samhan reserve. The Frankincense tree, which grows in the Hawjer oasis that crowns the central plateau, is the most valuable plant in the reserve, which also boasts a large diversity of native plants and bushes. Acacia trees, wild palms, and other desert flora can be found in the reserve’s northern regions, where the environment is hot and dry.

The best advice for visiting Jebel Samhan Nature Reserve is that Salalah is only one hour away by car. From June through September, the khareef, monsoon season, which can be hazy and cause poor vision, should be driven with caution.

Al Saleel National Park

Al Saleel National Park

Enjoying the wildlife inside the top attractions in Oman, Al Saleel National Park, which covers 220 sq km (85 sq miles) in the Ash Sharqiyah South governorate, was designated a national reserve in 1997. The alluvial plains are covered in acacia and gum tree forests, and Egyptian eagles and vultures soar over the stony mountains and deserted wadis. More than 30 different bird species, at least eight different types of reptiles, and native fauna, such as wolves, red foxes, hares, and Arabian wildcats, can all be found in the park. The majority of visitors, however, come to observe the Arabian gazelle.

It has over 7% of its global population living in Al Saleel National Park, making it a crucial habitat for species conservation in the area.  A nice place to stop on the way from the coast to Sharqiya Sands in the desert or the pools at Wadi Bani Khalid is Al Saleel National Park, which is about an hour’s drive from the coastal town of Sur. If you want to know if a permit is needed to enter the sanctuary, phone the Environment Authority before you go. This is because the entry requirements are changing and a new safari project is almost finished. 

Wadi Sireen Reserve

Wadi Sireen Reserve

The Arabian Tahr, one of the rarest and most cautious mammals in the world, is found only in the Wadi Sireen Reserve. The wadis’ steep cliffs and stony slopes provide the ideal habitat for Tahr.  People who want to visit the reserve must obtain authorization from the Office for the Conservation of the Environment in order to protect it. It sets forth some guidelines and limitations for the visitors to follow. About 45 kilometers to the southwest of Muscat Governorate, in the eastern Al-Hajar Mountains, is where you’ll find the Wadi Sireen Reserve.

The wadi has two entry sites in Jebel Aswad, “The Black Mountain,” and at Jebel Abyad, “The White Mountain,” and it borders three wilayats: Amerat, Quriyat, and Dima Wa Tayeen. Animals like the Arabian gazelle, Arabian wolf, Blanfor’s fox, Red fox, hedgehog, deer, common kestrels, Egyptian vultures, Sand partridges, and Oman saw-scaled vipers are among those who enjoy Tahr’s hospitality in wadi Sireen.  

Animals can be found in the region alone or in small groups, such as family units. There are 400 different plant species in Wadi Sireen, ten of which are endemic and four of which are threatened species. The must not miss activities in Oman is to track the Arabian Tahr, & one of the rare and amazing animals. The tiniest member of its species in the entire globe is the Arabian Tahr. It stands out due to its short body, hooked horns on both sexes, reddish-brown hair, and a black line running down the back. 

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Barr Al Hikman

Barr Al Hikman

Also known as the Maldives of the Middle East, a wetland paradise of exceptional value to migratory birds along the West Asian-East African Flyway is Barr Al Hikman. Numerous migrating waterbirds rely on this coastal oasis as they pass over the Arabian peninsula on their journeys, and it is well renowned for its biodiversity, with vast quantities of invertebrates hidden in the sediments, providing good food resources.

Unfortunately, few people in and outside of Oman are aware of the wetland jewel known as Bar Al Hikman. Both locally and globally, it provides an essential and diverse habitat for fish, whales, turtles, and birds.  This location offers visitors the utmost beauty and tranquility while they listen to birds chirping and the sound of the ocean waves. It takes 4 hours and 30 minutes from Muscat to reach Barr Al Hikman.


Greetings, fellow travel enthusiasts! I'm Aayushi, and I'm here to share my exciting journeys with you. My travel blog is a cozy corner on the internet where I spill the beans on my explorations, favorite spots, and handy tips. If you're curious about the world's wonders, seeking travel advice, or simply daydreaming, you're in the right place. I'm all about finding beauty in the everyday, whether it's in a bustling market or a serene beach. Through my stories and snapshots, I hope to inspire your next adventure and provide a virtual getaway whenever you need it. Join me in unraveling the joy of discovering new places, cultures, and experiences. Pack your imagination, and let's wander together!

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